China Stamping Die Manufacturing
Stamping die is a special manufacturing equipment for processing materials (metal or non-metal) into parts (or semi-finished products) in cold stamping processing. Also called cold stamping die (commonly known as cold stamping die). Stamping is a pressure processing method that uses a mold installed on a press to apply pressure to the material at room temperature to cause separation or plastic deformation to obtain the required parts.
What is a stamping die? The function and manufacturing method of the stamping die.
It is characteristic of the function of a punching tool that a semi-finished product is brought into a new (desired) shape by the cold forming process (bending, punching, upsetting, drawing). For example, a thin sheet metal is formed into a mudguard, a middle sheet metal into a cabinet door hinge and a thick sheet metal into a truck side member. In contrast, drop forging is a hot forming process.
Mass-produced items are used in, for example, the automotive industry or housewares, etc. With the help of Stamping Die, a cost-effective and fast production of parts is guaranteed from a certain minimum quantity. Toolmaking mainly deals with the production of three-dimensional drawn and molded parts, but also two-dimensional cut parts (e.g. washers). The active elements consist of hardened, tempered tool steel, hard metal or ceramic, depending on the area of application. To increase the service life, the active elements are often coated (e.g. TiN, TiCN or AlCrN).
There are many forms of stamping dies, and stamping dies are also classified according to the nature of work, mold structure, and mold material.
Stamping die classification
Classification according to the nature of the process
a. Blanking die: A die that separates materials along a closed or open outline. Such as blanking die, punching die, cutting die, slitting die, trimming die, etc.
b. Bending mold: A mold for bending a sheet blank or other blanks along a straight line (bending line) to obtain a workpiece with a certain angle and shape.
c. Drawing die: It is a die for making the blank of a sheet into a hollow part with an opening, or to further change the shape and size of the hollow part.
d. Forming mold: It is a mold that directly replicates the blank or semi-finished workpiece according to the shape of the convex and concave molds, and the material itself only generates local plastic deformation. Such as bulging molds, necking molds, flaring molds, undulating forming molds, flanging molds, shaping molds, etc.
e. Riveting mold: It is the use of external force to connect or overlap the participating parts in a certain order and manner to form a whole
Classification according to the degree of process combination
a. Single-process stamping die: In one stroke of the press, only one stamping process die is completed.
b. Compound mold: There is only one station. In one stroke of the press, the mold completes two or more stamping processes at the same station at the same time.
c. Progressive die: (Also called continuous die) In the feeding direction of the blank, there are two or more stations. In one stroke of the press, the mold can complete two or more stamping processes at different stations one at a time.
d. Transfer mold: The characteristics of single process die and progressive die are integrated. Using the robot transfer system to realize the rapid transfer of the product in the mold can greatly improve the production efficiency of the product, reduce the production cost of the product, save the material cost, and the quality is stable and reliable.
Classification of product stamping processing methods
According to the different stamping processing methods of the product, the mold can be divided into: There are five categories: punching and shearing dies, bending dies, drawing dies, forming dies and compression dies.
a. Punching and shearing die: the work is done by shearing. Commonly used forms are shearing die, blanking die, punching die, trimming die, edge die, punching die and punching die.
b. Bending mold: It is the shape of bending the flat blank into an angle. Depending on the shape, precision and production volume of the parts, there are many different types of molds. Such as ordinary bending die, cam bending die, crimping die, arc bending die, bending punching die and twisting die, etc.
c. Drawing mold: The drawing mold is to make the flat blank into a seamless container with a bottom.
d. Forming mold: Refers to the use of various local deformation methods to change the shape of the embryo. Its forms include convex forming die, curling edge forming die, necking forming die, hole flange forming die, and round edge forming die.
e. Compression mold: It uses strong pressure to make the metal blank flow and deform into the desired shape. Its types include extrusion die, embossing die, embossing die, and end pressure die.
Basic knowledge of stamping die terminology
Hemming is a stamping process in which the edge of the process part is rolled into a closed circle. The axis of the crimped circle is straight.
2. Curled edge
Crimping is a stamping process in which the upper edge of the hollow part is rolled into a closed circle.
Drawing is a stamping process that transforms straight wool or process parts into a curved surface. The curved surface is mainly formed by the extension of the material at the bottom of the punch.
4. Pull bend
Stretch bending is a stamping process in which bending deformation is realized under the combined action of tensile force and bending moment, so that the entire bending cross section is subjected to tensile stress.
Bulging is a stamping process in which hollow or tubular parts are expanded radially outward. Sectioning Sectioning is a stamping process that divides the forming process into several pieces.
Leveling is a stamping process to improve the flatness of partial or overall planar parts.
7, undulating shape
It is a stamping process that relies on the extension of the material to form partial depressions or protrusions in the process parts. The change of material thickness in the undulating forming is unintentional, that is, a small amount of change in thickness is formed naturally during the deformation process, and is not a requirement specified by the design.
Bending is a stamping process that uses pressure to produce plastic deformation of the material, thereby being bent into a shape with a certain curvature and a certain angle.
Chiseling is a process of blanking or punching with a sharp-edged chiseling die. There is no lower die for chiseling, only a flat plate is under the material, and most of the material to be punched is non-metal.
10. Deep hole punching
Deep hole punching is a punching process when the hole diameter is equal to or smaller than the thickness of the material to be punched.
Blanking is a stamping process that separates materials along a closed contour. The separated materials become workpieces or process pieces, most of which are flat.
18. Continuous deep drawing
Continuous drawing is a stamping method that uses the same mold (continuous drawing die) to gradually form the desired shape and size through multiple drawing on the strip (coil).
19. Thinning and deep drawing
Thinning and deep drawing is a kind of drawing process in which the hollow process part is further changed in shape and size, and the side wall is intentionally thinned.
20, reverse deep drawing
Reverse drawing is a drawing process in which the inner wall of the hollow process part is turned outward.
21. Differential temperature drawing
Differential temperature drawing is a drawing process that uses heating and cooling means to make the temperature of the material to be deformed far higher than the temperature of the material that has been deformed, thereby increasing the degree of deformation.
22. Hydraulic deep drawing
Hydraulic deep drawing is a drawing process that uses liquid contained in a rigid or flexible container instead of a punch or a die to form a hollow part.
23. Press rib stamping
Press rib stamping is a kind of undulating forming. When local undulations appear in the form of ribs, the corresponding undulating forming process is called beading.
Stamping Die technologiesDepending on the type of construction, the following tool technologies can be distinguished:
The cutting of several cutting lines on the same workpiece in one stroke is referred to as total cutting or complete cutting. Parts are produced that have an internal and external shape. The positional accuracy from the inside to the outside shape is better than with subsequent cutting.
Subsequent cutting refers to the cutting of several cutting lines on the same workpiece in several strokes. Parts are produced that have an internal and external shape. The positional accuracy of the inner to the outer shape is worse than with overall cutting.
Follow-up stamping compound
In the progressive stamping die, the sheet metal strip is cycled through the tool by the respective feed length until the last station is reached. The workpiece is then either separated from the so-called carrier strip (individualized) or wound up as an endless belt for the next work step. In addition to the follow-up cut, forming operations are also carried out in the follow-up group. Other processes such as thread forming or joining can also be integrated into the stamping die.
stamping Module technology
The modular technology represents a special construction of progressive tools. Here a universally usable basic stamping die, also called mother frame, is used, which becomes an individual punching tool by means of insertable stamping tool modules. The stamping tool modules mainly consist of hardened module plates. The advantages of this modular design are fast set-up times, easy handling and maximum precision.
Combinations of progressive and transfer stamping tools are also possible. The part is first processed as a progressive composite part, separated and then transported to further steps by means of grippers.
Punching frames stamping die
The punching frames can be constructed differently depending on the stamping die technology. Suppliers of standard parts provide standardized and prefabricated stamping frames in various sizes and configurations.